We have unparalleled passion and our pursuit of high-yield human performance has led to the highest level of sophistication for behavioral science as it is applied to improve performance across disciplines to include leadership, management, and all high-stakes environs. 

Over 25 years of training, research, development, and training others has culminated in training that produces capable, high-quality, combat-effective warriors and executives and leaders.

I believe in sharing of the  fruits of my life’s labor.

-Bob Higginbotham

Up Coming Events

This course is an EIAGroup offering and is the gold standard in deception detection. Click the link below for more information.


The course is a blended program and involves both on-line study and an interactive 4-day workshop. It takes a research-based approach to learning and delivers behavior analysis and communication-based skills.

  1. You will be analyzing video and audio of real-life scenarios and criminal cases, practicing with one-to-one activities and simulation, and taking part in high-stake group exercises. Exercises are tailored towards your intended application and are designed to stretch your new skills and increase your abilities in real-world interactions.
  2. You will be analyzing video and audio of real-life scenarios and criminal cases, practicing with one-to-one activities and simulation, and taking part in high-stake group exercises, designed to stretch your new skills and increase your abilities.
  3. Read what others are really thinking and feeling – through multiple communication channels

Graduates of the LE-BAII Cert who also have significant front line experience may then progress onto the BAII Diploma (5 online Modules plus 2-day Masterclass), and then a Masters Degree in Communications, Behavior and Credibility Analysis (MSc).

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CRAFT Defensive Tactics Program

April 16-20 Joplin Police Training Center

CRAFT Defensive Tactics Program: A Cost Effective Means of Liability Mitigation

Defensive Tactics is a low-frequency/high liability skill set. This skill is also among the most rapidly diminishing skills that officers receive and it is usually one of the least frequent training activities conducted.

The first step in liability mitigation is to conduct continual and ongoing training. Finding time and resources to dedicate to training is challenging to say the least. Because this program is in a POST-Approved format it can be divided into short training sessions that are conducive to squad room briefing. Your in-house instructor can easily conduct and document an ongoing training program.

Conventional defensive tactics programs provide officers with an onslaught and an overload of individual techniques that the officer is incapable of recalling under stress. This leads to an emotionally charged officer whose reaction is outside of departmental training and guidelines and incongruent with organizational values.

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Police Supervision

April 23-27, MSSU

Effective Police Supervision

This updated and revised course is a research-based and highly interactive workshop using group and tabletop exercises to help a newly assigned employee transform into a supervisor as well as refine the skills of an experienced supervisor. There is strong emphasis on the fundamentals of coaching, counseling and mentoring techniques to improve officer performance and confront officer misconduct. The student is also introduced to tactical patrol procedures applicable to small-scale incidents or mass casualty events. The supervisor learns the importance of communication skills, the communication process and learns to identify and overcome barriers to communication.

  • Affective skills are emphasized. (Attitudes, empathy, fairness, integrity, values, loyalty)
  • Conceptual skills include; analysis, assessment, decision making, prioritizing and solving problems
  • Knowledge skills: directing, evaluating, administrative credibility, and policy implementation.

The supervisor will learn to build a team and to dispatch controversy and conflict while facilitating effective relationships. This course section identifies the characteristics of an effective coach: vision, self-confidence and self-development. The supervisor will learn what successful leaders do to improve morale and organizational effectiveness and to work for change by being knowledgeable, communicating, and being involved. The supervisor will learn about the influence of informal leaders and how to manage mandated change, the marginal performer, work stressors and task stressors as well as how to identify warning signs of personal problems such as suicide, alcohol abuse and divorce.

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More Blue Line Science Courses

Blue Line Crisis Response Series

The Blue Line Science ©- Crisis Response Series

Principles of Crisis Response I: Critical Thinking in a Tactical Environment

The Crisis Response Series is a graduated series of eight hour-courses that are designed to provide a training continuum for first-responders, supervisors and command personnel.

This cohesive program distinguishes itself with interactive and dynamic, principle-based instruction and provides, even the well-experienced practitioner, with valuable tools with which to continually improve skill sets and organizational response to crisis.

Principles of Crisis Response II: Real-time Crisis Management

Principles of Crisis Response II provides supervisors the ability to orchestrate a multi-disciplinary response to mass-casualty or sustained events such as a natural disaster, terroristic act or criminal act. The participant will engage in tabletop exercises utilizing established protocol to manage and control the dynamic interaction necessary to implement appropriate mitigation measures. Supervisors will learn a decision-making paradigm to gain control of a crisis at the onset, to identify and place resources, as well as move an event into the next operational phase.

Principles of Crisis Response III: Effective Leadership When It Counts

Principles of Crisis Response III prepares command personnel for pre-planning a response to and managing a large-scale event. This will be an interactive and participative experience. The participant will experience, in tabletop format, the command and control of a large-scale, sustained operational response to a mass-casualty event. Topics to be addressed included: first-responders and realistic expectations, media relations, dissemination of information, inter-disciplinary cooperation and communication and sustainability of operations and resource coordination.

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All-Hazards Response Planning and Preparation

We can help you with the development, training, implementation and execution of an, ‘All Hazards-Operational Response Plan’.  The principles of planning, prevention, and preparation for mass casualty-events are multi-disciplinary and as such applicable to a multitude of events.

A customized plan will provide a scalable template for a cohesive organizational response to a variety of incidents, emergencies or disasters ranging from: a) less serious, more internal day-to-day emergency that can occur any time (like a fire, a power outage, a congregant getting sick, equipment failure, etc.) or b) an incident that requires coordination with individuals and organizations outside the confines of the primary location (i.e. tornado, large-scale, long-term power outage, etc.) that will require significant coordination as well as an Active Shooter Response Plan.

Any operational plan and training is destined to failure if the administrative and leadership component is not wholly aligned and prepared to integrate at every level. Even indirect or widespread events can have a cumulative effect upon your organization, employees and your customers. It is crucial that you have an organizational response plan that is developed solely and specifically to address your needs.

If your organization assumes a functional responsibility for incident management as a response for an in-house organizational crisis, or as a change agent for sister organizations, the development of a comprehensive plan will provide for a response mechanism to internal needs/threats and will also better enable you to integrate with local, state, and federal response mechanisms.

We integrate the FEMA-Incident Command System (ICS) into a comprehensive plan to ensure a proportional response to incidents. An organization must be forward looking on all matters. A critical incident may have extensive peripheral effect upon the basic day-to-day infrastructure which attendees, congregants, employees and the community all rely upon. Participation of key administrative staff is crucial and will ensure clarity of the vision and will increase the probability of successful execution of the plan.

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Tactical Training Courses

Building Clearing/Active Shooter

The objectives of this course are to familiarize the student with patrol response to active shooter/threat incidents, building clearing and other high stress incidents.  This will be a hands-on training course that will include force-on-force scenarios.  At the end of the course the student will be able to effectively function as a single officer responder to an active threat event or coordinate a team for building clearing or responding to an active threat event. Students will review recent active threat incidents and these events will be discussed in a tabletop format. Objectively reasonable force will be discussed; particularly as it relates to distinguishing an active threat from a static event; hostage/armed and barricaded events that may be/become static. There will be discussion of the dynamics of action versus reaction as it pertains to hostage rescue and active threat circumstances; specifically there are dangers posed to citizens and officers when issuing verbal warnings. The concept of “opportunity cost” will be discussed.

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Crowd-Control Training

This entry-level crowd-control training consists of crowd dynamics and crowd behaviors, communications skills, thick-skin exercises, individual arrest skills, team arrest skills, baton training, classic crowd control movements, field force concepts, and special-munitions guidance.

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Civil Disorder

This course is a comprehensive examination of constitutional issues and detailed protocol and guidance such as that recommended by the Department of Justice to include the definitions, procedures and policies for; officer and agency response, planning for response (incident commander), authority for the deployment of resources, conducting crowd control and management, response to crowd situations, declaring an unlawful assembly, proper use of approved tactics and weapons, weapons that are prohibited for crowd control as well as the protocol for mass arrest procedures. The training will include detailed discussion regarding Pre-event Planning, Operational Response and Post-Event Processes.

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Behavioral Science and Emotional Intelligence

Emotional Intelligence: On the Street and In the Interview Room

This course is ideal for supervisors, trainers, and those responsible for ensuring professional police conduct. Participants will learn how the tenets of Affect Script Psychology can be integrated into a training curriculum that imparts principle/value-based decision-making that is integrated with social emotional learning and that develops officers that are self-aware and self-managing: the epitome of a professional.

The comprehensive and enhanced understanding of the self and others will improve de-escalation skills, conflict mediation/resolution as well as the development of leadership traits that will contribute to organizational health.

The resultant training effect is an emotionally self-aware officer capable of a reasoned and well-disciplined response congruent with the high expectations of a community vested in high-yield, police performance that maintains constitutional sanctity.

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Emotional Intelligence: A Paradigm Shift in Police Training

The role of emotional intelligence in police behavior has been neglected, if not entirely ignored. Other disciplines involving high-stakes human performance, such as elite athletes and stellar-performing global executives, are heavily reliant upon and are highly competent in social emotional intelligence.

Years of discourse and volumes of literature regarding police performance, when examined and summarized collectively, speak to physiological arousal as the primary contribution to performance issues. They offer little more insight into the root cause of failure during the police-to-citizen interpersonal exchange. This deficit results in literary distortion and amplification of physiological arousal as the causal agent in police-citizen conflict.

When an officer perceives the absence of another person’s caring, respect or valuing they may experience a feeling of impotence or powerlessness and this can unnecessarily place the officer on the offensive. This emotional volatility results in tactical blindness and deteriorates our interactions with the citizen.

A curriculum that imparts principle/value-based decision-making, integrated with social emotional learning, develops officers that are self-aware and self-managing: the epitome of a professional. The byproduct and added value of this comprehensive understanding of self is enhanced conflict mediation/resolution as well as the development leadership traits that will contribute to organizational health.

The resultant training effect is an emotionally-aware officer that is capable of a reasoned and well disciplined response consistent with the community expectations of a high-yield, police performance that does not compromise constitutional sanctity.

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Inspirational Leadership

Your organization’s success is dependent upon two customers: internal and external. You have inspired your external customer to identify with your organizational beliefs; the result of which is a meaningful relationship based upon common and mutual values and beliefs. Aside from the base line of valuing your service or product, on a deeper level they must believe what you believe. That customer, with whom you have established a shared system of beliefs, measures compatibility in value-laden terms.

Participants will learn to foster a deep and meaningful relationship with your internal customer, your employees. They will learn the importance of clarity, discipline and consistency to engender a sense of common identity and purpose. Too often leaders are focused on what we do and not enough on why we do it. If you want to inspire loyalty within your organization you must inspire others to embrace why you exists beyond providing products and services. 

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Emotional Intelligence (EI)

Intellectual capability and technical know-how certainly keeps things moving. But, the personal qualities of initiative and empathy, adaptability and persuasiveness are what keeps things moving forward. The difference is progress.

EI is not always how to “be nice”: it may mean speaking an uncomfortable but consequential truth that others may avoid. Emotional competencies is the ability to express feelings appropriately and effectively so that people can work together smoothly toward common goals. 

This skill set will change the dynamics of staff-to-staff interaction and leaders will serve as models of emotional management for subordinates.

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Blue Pride: Shame-Based Organizational Behavior

There is a sharp contrast between respect-based and shame-based personal and organizational behavior. If you have ever observed the sort of fight that seemed to exist for its own sake rather than for resolution of difference then you have witnessed a shame-based transaction.

A respect-based system is one in which “patterns of interaction are based upon accepting people as they are—not as they should be—open communication, and accountability will fall on the respectful end of the continuum and, in general, will have more fulfilled and emotionally well members.”

Participants will learn the origins of and how shame perpetuates: they will learn boundaries between organization and self. They will the interaction between shame and control. They will learn to transition organizational and interpersonal interaction from shame-based to respect-based.

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High-Stakes Decision Making

People who are experts in their field can be prone to an exaggerated sense of how well we understand the world. Research demonstrates that we have two systems available for making decisions and under uncertain conditions we do not behave in the way that economic models have traditionally assumed—we do not “maximize utility.”

We have a slow, deliberate, analytical and consciously effortful mode of reasoning about the world and in contrast, are our fast, automatic, intuitive and largely unconscious mode. There are unconscious errors of reasoning that distort our judgment: these are cognitive biases.

Participants will obtain a clearer vision of flawed human reason and they will learn very specific steps to reduce overconfidence. They will learn to be more analytical, more vigilant and to question.

Conventional problem-solving or drill-down skills tend to not address the human cognitive flaws. This permits intuitive conclusions based on a heuristic rather than scrutinized logic: perpetuating our tendency to overestimate benefits and underestimate costs. This course is a foundation for loss and risk mitigation—a crucial and required executive skill.

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CRAFT DT Instructor and Use of Force Curriculum

CRAFT Defensive Tactics Instructor Curriculum

Level I CRAFT Defensive Tactics Instructor

Forty-Hour CRAFT DT Instructor Certification

Level II CRAFT Defensive Tactics Instructor

Reasonable Use of Force Instructor

Emotional Intelligence: Improving Police Performance

Building Clearing/Active Shooter Instructor

CRAFT Defensive Tactics Master Instructor

Use-of-Force Investigation

Civil Disorder

Intermediate Weapons Instructor Certification

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Reasonable Use of Force-Instructor

Specializing in a field of study in law enforcement is a noble task.  Working to become an expert in a topic is truly the work of a Master, and some would say it is the meaning of life.  To impart that knowledge to others as if their very lives depended on it could be considered saintly, or the very purpose of life.

Blue Line Science’s mission is your success, and mastering a topic like Use of Force in today’s law enforcement environment in more crucial than ever.  To become a Blue Line Science Instructor is not an easy task.  It takes a dedication to yourself and your fellow man that makes you stand out from the crowd.  At the conclusion of your Use of Force training, Blue Line Science will sign off on only the highest qualified and proven specialists to become an instructor, but the effort will be minimal compared to a lifetime of reward, if you want it bad enough.

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Behavioral Science and Use of Force Investigations

Use of Force Investigation for First Line-Supervisors (24 Hrs.)

  • How to avoid the most common mistakes made during use of force- investigations.
  • Policy violations in use of force-investigations: a balanced perspective.
  • Get ahead of the high-profile use of force-event: the components of a successful outreach and educational program.
  • Use of force and the supervisor: first-line liability-mitigation.
  • Objective reasonable force vs. force continuums; which better serves your organization?
  • The qualities that comprise a safe and effective DT system: tradition can get officers injured or killed.
  • Identify tactical and training issues leading to pattern and practice-claims and civil rights investigations
  • Organizational Factors that Influence a Dept.’s Use of Force Experience
  • Use of Force Investigation Procedures
  • Negligence Issues (Failure to Supervise, Failure to Train and Failure to Direct)
  • A thorough examination of “Objectively Reasonable”
  • Case Studies
  • Human Performance Factors: A view from the perspective of Force Science Research-Analyst
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Advanced Use of Force-Investigation

This course is appropriate for investigators of force encounters. (Non-injury, deadly force and officer involved-shootings) This course is highly recommended for departmental administrators as well as legal representatives and organizational stakeholders. Attendees will learn how to accurately interpret the human performance factors that affect decision making and officer/suspect behaviors. Attendees will also learn how to develop a community outreach program for their respective agencies. This program can foster trust and communication with community stakeholders before you experience your first or next highly-visible force encounter.

Students will learn:

  • Psychological, biological, and physiological influences on behavior and memory
  • The effects of visual attention on memory
  • Judging action and reaction in force encounters
  • Often overlooked elements of controversial uses of force
  • Cognitive Interview Techniques that help;
    • Determine the truthfulness of a victim-officer
    • Clarify why statements differ from forensic evidence
    • Officers accurately & thoroughly recall traumatic events
    • Decide if and when to conduct a site visit and/or video review
    • Avoid critical mistakes during interviews
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Use of Force: Merging Science and Practicality

Graham v. Connor: What Science Says Today

Policy: Reasonable Force versus Minimum Force Necessary

Investigative Practices: Commonly Errors and Misconceptions

Policy Violations as a Result of Human Performance Factors: What Now?

What Should Twenty-First Century-Defensive Tactics Look Like?

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Blue Line Science Field Training Officer Program

Field Training Officer – Certification (FTO)

Field Training Officer – Certification (FTO)

The undisputed most important person to a law enforcement organization is the Field Training Officer.  The quality of the organization’s FTO can literally decide the fate of that organization’s training success rate and the organization’s overall health. If the Chief Executive of an organization is the head of an organization…the FTO is the body.  Just like life, if the head and the body are not unified in mission, vision, values and actions the organization will not function at an acceptable level.  Everyone from the Chief Executive down must support the growth and knowledge of the FTO.

Blue Line Science has developed an FTO Certification program that fully prepares a new FTO to the very real and necessary expectations of their new role.  Attendees learn how to convert excellence from a goal to a standard, and, in turn, learn how to truly influence massive growth and change into their future students of the law enforcement profession.  At the completion of this training the new FTO will have an understanding and a skill set they can employ immediately.  If fully supported by their Chief Executive and management, they are prepared to be the agents of growth and positive change for their respective organizations.

Field Training Supervisor (FTS)

Arguably the most important supervisory position in any organization is that of a Field Training Supervisor.  This position can make or break an organization’s field training program.

Blue Line Science has developed this seminar for those who are skilled in their craft, agile in the moment, and desire to help others find success.  If that sounds like you, this challenging seminar is exactly what you need.  This seminar provides you with an opportunity to see yourself and others in a way that manifests success.  Learn scientifically proven supervisory techniques to inspire productivity, growth, and accountability in the FTO staff.


A leader must find ways to inspire those that follow them.  They must deliver the right message, to the right people, at the right time.  When done to mastery a leader can motivate immense growth and change.  An ancient Roman warrior once wrote, “the Romans owe their conquest of the world to no other cause than continuous training, exact observance of discipline, and unwearied cultivation of knowledge.”

Blue Line Science has created this Master School with an exclusive list of talented trainers in mind.  This course helps propel the skilled Field Training Officer into a position that most leaders live for…training others to be the next organizational leaders.  The FTO is the undisputed most important position in any law enforcement organization.  With that in mind, Blue Line Sciences takes this Master School very seriously.

All accepted attendees must meet exacting standards and be fully prepared for a serious educational experience.  Successful completion of the school is not guaranteed.  Blue Line Science will not bestow Master status to those who are not prepared and cannot complete the program to a satisfactory level.  We want you to succeed, only if you want it first!

Field Training Management (FTM)

To achieve excellence in a Field Training Program the program must be lead enthusiastically and managed with a precision of accountability not often found in training programs.

Blue Line Science has developed this seminar for a person who has the passion to deliver excellence in a Field Training Program and the capacity to provide structure and guidance to all persons assigned to such a program.  In this seminar, you will learn about program development, structure, implementation and accountability.  This seminar is not for those without strong character.  If you are poised to lead a field training program unlike anyone else, this seminar is for you.


Excellence doesn’t just happen; it must be inspired and fully supported. John Maxwell, a well-recognized leadership steward, once said that an organization is only as good as the people who lead it.  This statement seems so simple, but organizational leaders fail to measure themselves against this simplistic statement everyday all around the world.

Blue Line Science has developed this seminar for the Law Enforcement Executive who believes the first year of a new officer’s career is the most important to the officer, the organization and the citizens the organization has sworn an oath to.  Excellence must be the standard of all Field Training Programs and the Executive Leadership must reinforce this message through their actions in order to achieve it.

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Blue Line Leadership and Supervision Skills



Blue Line Science’s LMS Mastery Series of seminars are based on scientific theories and practices that deliver outstanding results to our learning partners.  Our seminars empower attendees to leave the training and immediately begin applying the lessons they have been delivered by our professional trainers.

Seminar Topics Include:

  • Inspiring Performance
  • Developing the Future
  • Implicit/Explicit Ethics
  • Intentional Change
  • Specialized Assignments
  • Leadership Theory & Practice
  • Assuring Organizational Quality
  • Molding Culture
  • Strategy with Purpose
  • Policy Excellence
  • Operational Cohesiveness
  • Value Management

(These types of seminars can be classroom or webinar adapted)

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Instructor Development

Close your eyes and think, for a moment, about the best training you have ever received in the law enforcement profession.  What was it like?  How did it make you feel?  The best instructors in the world engage their students in ways that most can never truly understand, unless you train your craft to mastery.

Well-established works on leadership and training show a unique correlation between great leaders and great presenters.  Fortunately, Blue Line Science has compiled all this important data and created an instructor development course to help you take command of your message and engage your students like never before.

If you are looking to bring a true engaging change to your presentations, the Blue Line Science Instructor Development seminar is waiting for you.

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Media Relations for Law Enforcement

In this interactive workshop and thru practical exercises and mock interviews, participants will learn a framework for crafting your organizations message. Participants will learn to create press releases, plan and prepare for live-interviews and how to communicate with confidence and authority. This course will professionally prepare staff balance Sunshine Law obligations while they develop and manage a relationship with the media. Participants will learn how to communicate about socially and culturally and politically sensitive issues while delivering quality and usable information to the media. Participants will also learn message management and how to develop a comprehensive plan for communication during crises.

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Intelligence Led Policing (ILP): Executive Seminar

The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge. The truth is often hard to swallow, but the reality is that law enforcement organizations can easily find themselves doing what they have always done and not growing in vision and knowledge. This manifests into an illusion that the way they are doing business is the best or the only way.

Taking the information from the everyday and cautiously converting it into actionable data empowers law enforcement organizations to move closer to their missions at a far more rapid rate than traditional practices. Information is power and intelligence breeds action.  If you are a law enforcement executive that believes in best practices and wants your organization to embody real law enforcement success, an intelligence led policing culture will set you apart.

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